Calcium scale is a hard, thick coating of calcium carbonate (CaCO₃) that forms on heating elements, in pipes, plumbing fixtures, water using appliances and R/O systems.
As calcium rich water enters the home, the carbonic acid/calcium equilibrium is interrupted within the pipes, plumbing fixtures, water heaters, appliances or water using devices. Because the Hydrogen Carbonate (Ca(HCO₃)₂) is a weak chemical compound, increases in temperature or water movement will cause the compound to breakdown, causing parts of the Calcium (Ca₂), Magnesium (Mg₂) and Bicarbonate (HCO₃) to attach to the surfaces of heating elements, the inside of pipes, water heaters, plumbing fixtures and water using devices. Over time the scale coating continually thickens and is very difficult and costly to remove.
What are the Effects of Calcium?
The negative effect of calcium is the scale it creates in or on pipe surfaces, water heaters, plumbing fixtures, heating elements, R/O systems and water using devices. The scale leads to higher energy, operating and maintenance costs for ice machines, coffee machines, reverse osmosis equipment, water heaters and other water using equipment. The scale may also breed bacteria